atomic structure

what is scintillation?????????

4 Answers

ninepointcircle ·

it means "CHAMAK" in hindi

burrapavankumar burra ·

why zns is used rutherford experiment

Vinay Arya ·

Zns screen is used because when alpha particles strike the screen they produce a flash of light due to which we can detect alpha particles where they are going.It is used in order to detect the angle of deflection of the alpha particles.

Manmay kumar Mohanty ·

Scintillation is a flash of light produced in a transparent material by an ionization event.

A scintillator is material which exhibits scintillation – the property of luminescence when excited by ionizing radiation. Luminescent materials, when struck by an incoming particle, absorb its energy and scintillate, i.e. reemit the absorbed energy in the form of light. Sometimes, the excited state is metastable, so the relaxation back out of the excited state is delayed (necessitating anywhere from a few microseconds to hours depending on the material): the process then corresponds to either one of two phenomena, depending on the type of transition and hence the wavelength of the emitted optical photon: delayed fluorescence or phosphorescence (also called after-glow).

A scintillation detector or scintillation counter is obtained when a scintillator is coupled to an electronic light sensor such as a photomultiplier tube (PMT) or a photodiode. PMTs absorb the light emitted by the scintillator and reemit it in the form of electrons via the photoelectric effect. The subsequent multiplication of those electrons (sometimes called photo-electrons) results in an electrical pulse which can then be analyzed and yield meaningful information about the particle that originally struck the scintillator. Vacuum photodiodes are similar but do not amplify the signal while silicon photodiodes accomplish the same thing directly in the silicon.

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